Civil wars and Epidemics in Africa

African continent is rich in minerals, forests, water, oil and other natural resources. But despite all these mineral wealth, most of people living in Africa live without any basic amenities like safe drinking water, housing, food, medical care, accessibility to schools and electricity. The Gross Domestic Product or GDP is very low in many countries. Large scale deforestation, unscientific mining activities and illegal collection of valuable minerals damaged the environment of many countries of Africa. Most of the countries were colonies of countries of Europe.

Democracy is yet to take root in many countries. Military rulers, Feudal lords, Clan leaders and Tribal chiefs rule the countries of Africa. Many societies are afflicted by rampant corruption and money laundering on a mass scale. Conflict among various groups of armed militias of different clans continued and converted into civil war situation. Development is restricted to capitals, ports and mining centers. Few countries like South Africa, Namibia, Zambia, Botswana and Mozambique have stability in administration. Countries like Kenya, Cameroon, Ghana and Nigeria are on the road to stability. But terror groups, militias and mercenaries always on the move to destabilize the existing governments. The governments are fighting the terror groups and spend maximum amount of their income on procuring arms and paying to the arm forces. No money remains for development works like roads, railways, water supply, medical care and education. Due to poor sanitary conditions and lack of safe drinking water epidemics are common in these countries. Viral fevers, malaria, jaundice, cholera and tuberculosis are endemic to many countries.

The outbreak of Ebola in Liberia and its impact in countries like Ghana, Guinea, Sierra Leone, Senegal and Guinea Bissau, created very difficult conditions for mining activities in the West African countries. Mining and mineral export is almost at stand still condition. The virus of Ebola is found to be deadly and without any medicine and tried vaccine. The Liberia government is in a very difficult situation to deal with the medical emergency situation. The situation may go out of control and Ebola become a mass extinction virus. The countries like China, Germany, France, UK, USA, Canada and Australia should come out with specific plan and program to tackle the threat of Ebola virus from Liberia and the adjacent region of Africa. The World Health Organization may draw a long term plan for research and vaccine development for specific diseases of Africa. The mining and mineral development may take place after establishment of long term peace and development of basic amenities in the countries of Africa.